The constitution of India is the source of Indian NGO organization which is to protect all kinds of human rights. NGOs shape their objectives along with these rights and duties laid out by the Indian constitution which spell the Fundamental rights such as equality before the law and freedom from discrimination on the grounds of caste, religion, gender, birth place, race, and speech and expression freedom, the rights to peaceful assembly without arms to form unions or associations to move, to settle, to reside any part of India and for the protection against life deprivation, conscience freedom, and religious practice, profession, and propagation and to preserve the culture, to protect the national environment and to have compassion for living creatures.
A Non-Governmental organization is a legal entity created by a natural or lawful person which operates independently from all government which has no government status. NGO organizations operate with their own fund and with the funds raised through its volunteers or through donation for a social cause. Some times the Government use to fund the NGO organization totally or partially in project-based or in the object and social activity based. To monitor, to assist NGO our Indian Government allocated the Social welfare Ministry which supports to do several welfare activities as per the need and desire of NGO organization.
The pronouncing style of NGO varies countrywide. In the United States, the same NGO principle organization is called as the Nonprofit organization. In some areas, the same style of NGO organizations is called as Social benefit organization or as Civil Society organization. Only there is certain operational difference are there as per the law.
The activities of the NGOs are of different types. They are Operational NGO, Campaigning NGO, Operational and Campaigning NGO. Operational NGOs localize their activity to make Small level changes directly through projects. Campaigning NGOs are making Large level changes promoted indirectly through influence of political system which used to have the effective group of professional members who use to deal with human rights, Women's welfare and Children welfare. NGO organization acts in various methods to maintain a healthy relationship with the public to meet their goals. Foundations and charities use public relationship for fundraising, and to employ standard techniques with Governments.
Generally, NGO organizations have focused on either communal or environmental. NGOs address various issues of the society both national and international. But During the formation of the NGO organization in India, there are certain rules as per their object to operate. Also, our Indian government have framed special rules to establish NGO ( non governmental organization ) to identify the needs of the society and its area of operation with the objects which are related to health, HIV/AIDS, Maternal Mortality, Polio, food, shelter, education, civil liberty and poverty alleviation among others.
As the NGO organizations are operating as a legal entity, Indian government encourages such nonprofit organization to make them eligible with specific certifications, tax exemptions, additional power of importing funds through special permission from Indian Government and special project implementations through Social welfare ministry of India.